In this 20th day of August 1832 personally appeared in open court, before Wm. Lander, James C. Weller and Morton A. Rucker, justice of the county court of said county, now sitting. William Asherst a resident of said county and state aged about seventy years, who being first duly sworn according to law. Doth on his oath make the following declaration
in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress passed June 7, 1832. That he entered the service of the United States under the following named officers and served as herein stated that in the county of Augusta, the state of Virginia, in the later part of the year 1780, he was drafted in the militia of that state for a term of three months on an expedition to the Monongahala
to guard and protect that frontier, that in this term he served under Captain James Trimble (can't read) that no officer of a higher grade commanded in this expedition, that he now remembers but the provisions for the troops were provided by Colonel Matthews (which he knew well). That after serving out this term of three months, he was discharged, and on arriving at home he again stood his draft for another term of three months and was drafted . This was in inpresuance of orders received to raise militia immediately to join Genl. Green who was then in command of the Southern Army and was retreating into North Carolina before Cornwallis.
That as some in the draft was made, we were ordered to rendavouze at Col. Taze's on the South River near Rocksish? Gap where the horses of the troops were reduced.
That Capt. Geo. Moffite commanded his company to the place of rendevoze, after which he was under the command of Capt. Christie. That owing to various circumstances they did not join Green until a few days before the battle of Guilford. That when they joined Green, the Capt. Christie's Company was attatched to the Regt. Commanded by Col. Campbell.
By this time the most of the militia expected had arrived and Genl Green took his stand at Guilford there determined to await the approach of the enemy, and on the 15th or 16th of March, the Brittish came up, and the battle of Guilford commenced, in which he fought and feels he done his duty.
That Col. Campbell's whole Regt. was engaged in this battle, and he could relate many of the circumstances of that engagement but deems it unnecessary. He shall mention however that he does not remember at this time whither more than two Virginia Militia Brigades were in that action and they were commanded by Lauren Stephens as well as he remembers.
After the battle, Green's forces assembled at the gun makers ? on Troublesome Creek, the place appointed to rendezvous in case of a defeat. That he continued in the service until the full term of service was out, and was again honorably discharged, and was not again called but, having served two terms of three months each .
He states that he has no documentary evidence in his possession which would prove his service, and that he knows of no person now living who could do it. --- he served with one James Sprawl and Able Ritchey and many others but whither they are living he does not know as he moved from Virginia many years ago and has not heard from them for many years.
That the said Sprawl moved to this state in an early time, but where he settled or whether he is now living he does not know.
He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annunity except the present, and discloses that his name is not on the Pension Roll of any Agency of any state whatever.
Question by the court 1 .. Where and in what year were you born?
Answer.. I was born in Hallifax county, Virginia about the year 1762 as well as I can remember from the best information I have from my relations.
By the court 2 .. Have you any record of your age and if so where is it ?
Answer .. I have none - it is by tradition alone, that I have any knowledge of it.
By the court 3 .. Where were you living when you entered the service where have you since the Revolutionary war and where do you now live?
Answer .. When I entered the service I was living in Augusta county, having moved there when quite young; and since the Revolution I lived awhile in Virginia - A while in Tennessee and for the twelve years in this county (Caldwell)
By the Court 4 .. How were you called into the service; were you drafted; did you volunteer, or were you a substitute, and if a substitute for whom?
Answer .. I was drafted into the service.
By the Court 5 .. State the names of some of the Regular officers who were in the troops where you served, such Continental and Militia Regiments as you can recollect, and the general circumstances of your services.
Answer .. In my first expedition all were Militia as I believe.
In the second expedition under Green I did not have an opportunity to become acquainted with the Regular officers in Green's army. There were some Maryland troops under Col. Williams in the army and Col. Lee also. There was also a North Carolina Militia Brigade under Genl Butler that I remember and maybe others.
By the Court 6 .. Did you ever receive any discharge from the service and if so when was it given and what has become of it?
Answer .. I received discharges from both tours of duty - the first was given by my captain (Trimble) the second I think was given by Capt. Christie, both of which were worn out & lost.
By the Court 7 .. state the name of persons to whom you are known in your present neighborhood and who can testify as to your character for veracity, and their belief of your service as a soldier of the Revolution.
Answer .. I am known to the Hon. Ch. Lyon, Enoch Prince, James Clinton, James Perry, Jas. Neely, James Morse, Esq. and many others.
Sworn to and subscribed, the day & year aforesaid.
(signed) William Asherst
We Timothy McMan, a clergyman residing in the county of Caldwell and state of Kentucky, and Walter McChesney and
James Perry residing in the same county and state hereby certify that we are well acquainted with William Asherst who has sworn to and subscribed the above declaration; that we believe him to be seventy years of age; that he is reputed and believed in the neighborhood.
Brief in the case of William Asherst
County of Caldwell in the State of Kentucky
(Act 7th June, 1832)
- 1. Was the declaration made before a Court or a Judge? A Court
- 2. If before a Judge, does it appear that the applicant is disabled by bodily infirmity?
- 3. How old is he? About 70
- 4. State his service, as directed in the form annexed
- 5. In what battles was he engaged ? The Battle of Guilford
- 6. Where did he reside when he entered the service? Augusta County, Va.
- 7. Is his statement supported by living witnesses, by documentary proof, by traditionary evidence by incidental evidence, or by the rolls ? Traditionary evidence
- 8. Are the papers defective as to form or authentication ? and if so, in what respect ? Correct
Drafted in 1780 - 3 months under Capt. Trimble & Col. Matthews
3 months under Capt. Moffet & Col. Campbell
I Certify that the foregoing statement and the answers agree with the evidence in the case above mentioned.
Dyer Castor Examining Clerk