World War 1
OVER THERE! OVER THERE!
When Patriotism Ran High
When in April 1917, after a month of diplomatic sparring over Germany's
attempt to establish a war zone around England, into which American ships
could not enter, PRESIDENT WILSON notified Congress that "a state of war
existed," and patriotism ran high. The full import of the declaration was
not at once realized. The question of sending a great army to Europe was
not at first regarded as a part of the program. Plans were made to arm
the ships, to extend all necessary aid to the Allies and to prepare for
a vigorous defense. Events moved rapidly. It soon became evident that the
peace of the world was at stake. The year 1917, the fourth of the war,
was the darkest hour before the dawn. France, with her back to the wall,
was making her last stand. Belgium was already crushed and Russia had gone
to pieces. Within thirty days after America entered the war, the country
realized that help must be sent across the ocean. Even then, the drafting
of an army of millions of soldiers from the walks of peace was not dreamed
of. there were adventurous spirits who were quick to volunteer. Organized
units of National Guards received many recruits, and others enlisted in
the regular army, anxious to get a chance to go overseas. The chance soon
came. It was to be a world war. Congress quickly passed laws that could
mean nothing else. then came the national draft law for the registration,
subject to call, of thirty million men between eighteen and thirty-one
years of age. They were promptly listed, and Christian County's quota was
three thousand. Eventually nearly two-thirds of them were called into service.
All of the names were sent to Washington, after the unfit had been exempted,
and by early in 1918, the drafts began to come in. The first call for Christian
County, one hundred or more, was headed by JOHN T. BEARD, who had the honor
to be the first man drawn. With blanched faces, the young men stood about
the posters containing the names sent by wire, and looked for their names.
The men drawn were summoned to appear before a board, who selected about
half of them to be sent to camp. there was some latitude, the board trying
to select those in better position to go. Volunteers would be called for,
and sometimes more than the required number would stand up and answer "ready."
Those left over would be drawn upon to take the places of those who failed
to pass examinations, or who died in camp, as many did. The drafts came
every month, and grew larger as the months passed. Separate drafts were
made for white and black soldiers. As the calls came, one after another,
all seemed willing to go, even when it was realized that go meant services
in the bloody trenches of France. Some trained in camps were made officer
and assigned to duty in the department of their choice. The records, taken
from official sources, tell the story in its details. They tell who went,
where they went and how long they stayed. Some did not come back, others
came wrecked in health and scarred or crippled in body. All marched away
with heads erect and patriotism in their hearts. They returned as heroes,
who had done their duty for their country and humanity.
|Ernest Cravens||Raymond E. Mc Graw||Barney Carroll||Israel S. Kanepsky||Thomas D. Griffey|
|W. Farnett Fields||John Smith||Milus J. Cooper||Claude E. Grau||Thomas T. Cunningham|
|Ernest L. Sharber||Fred Cain||Eugene Carter||E. Trice Waller||Millard F. Gilliam|
|Oscar Porter||Walter W. Wright||Hiley Cobb||Newton M. Moss||Gordon Sheppard|
|Reggie L. Jones||Lawrence Draper||William E. Price||Claude E. Barnes||Charles Ira Wood|
|Thomas J. Bryant||Russell Hester||James E. Laffoon||Estell Vanractor||Lucian S. Sadler|
|William Reese||Marion Rutland||Lucien McGee||Charles W. Griffin||Robert B. Waller|
|Samuel P. Elgin||C.H. Henderson||William P. Hayes||John T. Wall|
On June 20, American deaths reported: all causes, 3,367 in the war. Soldiers killed in battle to date, 940; marines, 191.
The latter part of June, the Americans captured Belleau Woods, after
three days of fighting. Early in July, another smashing advance of two
miles was made.
Those Who Lost Their Lives
In July, much patriotic work was done by the Red Cross organization of Hopkinsville by the following workers:
Mrs. F. P. Thomas, supervisor; Misses Susie Stites, Mary Cook, Mary Danforth, Mary McPherson, Mary Cloud, Mary Rice, Mary Goldthwaite, Lula Moseley and Mesdames J.O. Cook, J.H. Rice, G.A. Johnson, A.W. Wood, E. P. Barnes, F. L. Friedman, Sallie Warfield, Tillie T. Thomas, W. H. Cobb, Saul Sacks, Archie Higgins, Bailey Waller, Jouett Henry, J.W. Downer, M.H. Nelson, Garner Dalton, R. E. Cooper, J. H. Ware, R. M. Wooldridge, J. L. Harvey, L. H. Davis, B. E. Jones, W. T. Tandy, Mattie Roper, T. C. Underwood, E. C. Frye, J. C. King, D. W. Kitchen, Cora Manson, S. U. Woodridge, George T. Callis, J. L. Freedman, and J. C. Johnson.
ORDER - that electric street lighting be dispensed with, on moonlight nights, was issued to save fuel.
By July 20, these doctors from Christian County
had gone to the front:
SUGAR control was tightened, and no one could purchase sugar in the county without a certificate from the food administrator.
MISS BETSY WARE volunteered for Red Cross work, and was assigned to a naval hospital at Norfolk, Va.
PRESIDENT WILSON vetoed an act fixing the minimum price of wheat at $2.40 a bushel, an increase he said that would cost the people $387,00,000.
CONGRESS empowered the President, in July, 1918, to take over the control of the telegraph, telephone, radio, and cable systems during the war. The radio was then in its infancy.
WORD received that CAPT. JOSEPH G. STITES was in a hospital in France, suffering from a gassing received in action.
A SANDWICH SALE, for the benefit of the French and Belgian children, held in Hopkinsville the first Monday in August, netted $50, which was turned over to MRS. CHARLES M. MEACHAM, chairman of the Relief Work Committee of the Woman's Council of National Defense.
A LETTER from JOE M. KELLY to his father, M.
D. KELLY, under date of July 30, 1918, told that his ship, the U.S. transport
Tippecanoe, off of the coast of France had been torpedoes and the crew
taken off in life boats, and all rescued but one man. Kelly was in charge
of the gun crew.
The following Christian County women